Common Shoulder Injuries
- Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair;
- Arthroscopic Repair of Glenoid Labrum;
- Arthroscopic Treatment of Instability;
- Arthroscopic Subacromial Decompression;
- Arthroscopic AC Joint Resection;
- Arthroscopic Biceps Tenotomy
and Open Subpectoral Tenodesis;
- Arthroscopic Superior Capsular Reconstruction;
- Stemless Total Shoulder Replacement or Hemiarthroplasty;
Top Shoulder Orthopedic Surgeon Chicago
For Over 20 years, Chicago Orthopaedic Surgeon, Dr. Gregory G. Markarian, has been restoring patients mobility and lives with his innovations in arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Through exclusive license, of the Single Portal Arthroscopy he uses minimally invasive arthroscopic techniques, instruments and implants to provide better surgical alternatives and outcomes on athletes and weekend warriors.
Shoulder injuries are the most popular reasons why professional athletes (and non-professional athletes) come to our top rated orthopedic practice.
Whatever your shoulder issue is, your first step is to reach out to our medical staff for an initial consultation. Dr. Markarian will be happy to meet with you personally and determine the best course of action to alleviate your shoulder pain.
Diagnostic tests, treatments consultations can often be carried out on the same day. Our top goal is to give you the best treatment and quickly get you on the road to recovery.
Treatment includes rest, medication, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections, and possibly surgery. Dr. Markarian will identify which option is best for you.
Treated Shoulder Injuries:
Shoulder Instability - Shoulder instability occurs when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket. This can happen as a result of a sudden injury or from overuse.Once a shoulder has dislocated, it is vulnerable to repeat episodes. When the shoulder is loose and slips out of place repeatedly, it is called chronic shoulder instability.
- Pain caused by shoulder injury;
- Repeated shoulder dislocations;
- Repeated instances of the shoulder giving out;
- A persistent sensation of the shoulder feeling loose, slipping in and out of the joint, or just "hanging".
Bicep Tendon Tear at the Shoulder - Tendons attaches muscles to bones. Your biceps tendons attach the biceps muscle to bones in the shoulder and in the elbow. If you tear the biceps tendon at the shoulder, you may lose some strength in your arm and have pain when you forcefully turn your arm from palm down to palm up. Many people can still function with a biceps tendon tear, and only need simple treatments to relieve symptoms. If symptoms cannot be relieved by nonsurgical treatments, or if a patient requires complete recovery of strength, surgery to repair the torn tendon may be required.
- Sudden, sharp pain in the upper arm;
- Sometimes an audible pop or snap;
- Cramping of the biceps muscle with strenuous use of the arm;
- Bruising from the middle of the upper arm down toward the elbow;
- Pain or tenderness at the shoulder and the elbow;
- Weakness in the shoulder and the elbow;
- Difficulty turning the arm palm up or palm down;
- Because a torn tendon can no longer keep the biceps muscle tight, a bulge in the upper arm above the elbow ("Popeye Muscle") may appear, with a dent closer to the shoulder.
Arthritis of the Shoulder: Simply defined, arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. In a diseased shoulder, inflammation causes pain and stiffness. Although there is no cure for arthritis of the shoulder, there are many treatment options available. Using these, most people with arthritis are able to manage pain and stay active.
Pain. The most common symptom of arthritis of the shoulder is pain, which is aggravated by activity and progressively worsens.
- If the glenohumeral shoulder joint is affected, the pain is centered in the back of the shoulder and may intensify with changes in the weather. Patients complain of an ache deep in the joint.
- The pain of arthritis in the acromioclavicular (AC) joint is focused on the top of the shoulder. This pain can sometimes radiate or travel to the side of the neck.
- Someone with rheumatoid arthritis may have pain throughout the shoulder if both the glenohumeral and AC joints are affected.
Limited range of motion. Limited motion is another common symptom. It may become more difficult to lift your arm to comb your hair or reach up to a shelf. You may hear a grinding, clicking, or snapping sound (crepitus) as you move your shoulder.
Night pain is common and sleeping may be difficult.
AC Joint Arthritis - Acromioclavicular osteoarthritis (AC joint arthritis) is a progressively degenerative disease that cannot be reversed; however, a few steps may be taken to slow the degenerative process and control pain.
- Pain and/or stiffness in affected joints;
- Limited mobility in the affected joints.
Shoulder Impingement: One of the most common physical complaints is shoulder pain. Your shoulder is made up of several joints combined with tendons and muscles that allow a great range of motion in your arm. Because so many different structures make up the shoulder, it is vulnerable to many different problems. The rotator cuff is a frequent source of pain in the shoulder.
The rotator cuff is a common source of pain in the shoulder. Pain can be the result of:
- Tendinitis. The rotator cuff tendons can be irritated or damaged.
- Bursitis. The bursa can become inflamed and swell with more fluid causing pain.
- Impingement. When you raise your arm to shoulder height, the space between the acromion and rotator cuff narrows. The acromion can rub against ( or "impinge" on) the tendon and the bursa, causing irritation and pain.
Rotator cuff pain commonly causes local swelling and tenderness in the front of the shoulder. You may have pain and stiffness when you lift your arm. There may also be pain when the arm is lowered from an elevated position.
Beginning symptoms may be mild. Patients frequently do not seek treatment at an early stage. These symptoms may include:
- Minor pain that is present both with activity and at rest
- Pain radiating from the front of the shoulder to the side of the arm
- Sudden pain with lifting and reaching movements
- Athletes in overhead sports may have pain when throwing or serving a tennis ball
As the problem progresses, the symptoms increase:
- Pain at night
- Loss of strength and motion
- Difficulty doing activities that place the arm behind the back, such as buttoning or zippering
If the pain comes on suddenly, the shoulder may be severely tender. All movement may be limited and painful.
Rotator Cuff Tears - The actual rotator cuff is the group of tendons in the shoulder joint providing support and enabling proper range of motion. Major injury to the rotator cuff tendons may result in tears of these tendons and the condition is called a "rotator cuff tear". It is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain in middle-aged adults and older individuals. It may occur with repeated use of arm for overhead activities, while playing sports or during motor accidents. Rotator cuff tear causes severe pain, weakness of the arm, and crackling sensation on moving shoulder in certain positions. There may be stiffness, swelling, loss of movements, and tenderness in the front of the shoulder. Symptoms
- Pain at rest and at night, particularly if lying on the affected shoulder;
- Pain when lifting and lowering your arm or with specific movements;
- Weakness when lifting or rotating your arm;
- Crepitus or crackling sensation when moving your shoulder in certain positions.